Modelling the Determinants of Demand for Private University Education: A Case of Federal Capital Territory (FCT)- Abuja, Nigeria

Ishaq Saidu, Aliyu Yusuf Ahmad


This paper examines the determinants of demand for private university education in Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria. Using a sample of 225 households, the paper employed logistic regression model and found evidence to suggest that entry requirements, length of study, level of parent’s income, level of infrastructural facilities and uninterrupted academic calendar due have positive and significant influence on the demand for private university education in FCT - Abuja, Nigeria. A good number of the candidates who applied to study in public universities were not satisfied (48.89%) due to stringent entry requirements and high competition but acknowledged that public universities are much cheaper compared to public universities. However, those attending private university education were much satisfied (45.33%) because of the flexibility in securing admission and stability in academic calendar devoid perennial industrial unrest that abruptly truncate the academic sessions. The paper therefore suggests immediate government intervention in standardizing and regulating the quality of university education system in Nigeria. This will reduce the disparity in the preference for the demand for higher education between the public and private universities. One possible way to ameliorate this would be to allocate funding to demand-side subsidies so that more students could afford private universities. This would be a short-term panacea. In the long term, public university facilities should be expanded and upgraded, to be comparable to the serenity and decorum obtainable in the public university. This will go a long way in accommodating some of the demand for tertiary university education in Nigeria.


Private University, education, Logit Model, FCT- Abuja; Nigeria

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