Predictors of Nigerian Students` Desire to be an Entrepreneur; Any differences based on Gender?

Ibrahim KELES

Abstract


The student entrepreneurship issues create the focus of academic studies over the world. Entrepreneurship is an important element of national economic growth, and university business students represent an important feeder pool for a nation’s supply of entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurial activities have a positive influence on national development and prosperity (Friedman, 2011; Kirzner, 2009; Acs et al, 2008). As attitudes, beliefs and motives have important implications for career choice and behavior, the motives of entrepreneurs are important yet little empirical research exists that identifies elements that predict the desire to become an entrepreneur. Such research would have vast implications for policy makers that hope to encourage and incentivize entrepreneurship on a national level. The purpose of this study is to identify and contrast predictors of Nigerian students’ desire to be entrepreneurs by using Entrepreneurial Motives Questionnaire (Friedman et al, 2012). Firstly a literature review pertaining to entrepreneur motives, and then hypotheses, results, and study implications were stated by taking gender into consideration.


Keywords


Entrepreneurship, Motives

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acs, Z.J., Desai, S., & Klapper, L.F. (2008) “What Does “Entrepreneurship” Data Really Show?” Small Business Economy, 31: 265-281.

Akhuemonkhan, I. A., Raimi, L. and Sofoluwe, A. O. (2013) “Entrepreneurship Education and Employment Stimulation in Nigeria” Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, Volume 3, Number 1, 55-79, http://infinitypress.info/index.php/jsss/article/view/66/77

Baumol, W. (1968) “Entrepreneurship in Economic Theory.” The American Economic Review, Papers, and Proceedings of the Eightieth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association, (2): p. 64-71.

Brouwer, M. T. (2002) “Weber, Schumpeter and Knight on Entrepreneurship and Economic Development.” Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 12 (1-2): 83-105.

Friedman, B. A. (2011) “The Relationship between Governance Effectiveness and Entrepreneurship.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(17): 221-225.

Friedman, B.A., Aziz, N., Keles, I., & Sayfullin, S. (2012) “Predictors of Students` Desire to be an Entrepreneur: Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, and the United States.” Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics, 5 (9), 129-140

Gabadeen, W. O. & Raimi, L. (2012) “Management of Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian Higher Institutions: Issues, Challenges and Way Forward” Abuja International Journal of Education and Management Sciences (ABIJEMS), 2, pp. 1-26

Garba, A.S., Mansor, S.A., & Djafar, F. (2013) “Assessing the Factors that Influence Entrepreneurship in Nigeria” Journal of Entrepreneurship and Management 2.3 (2013): 1-11. search.proquest.com/openview/a8908eb3264a5cd0a7eb52b3bfc4c543/1?pq-origsite=gscholar

Ibrahim, A., & Abdullahi, U.M. (2014) “Analysis of Mind-Set (Intention and Constraints) of Nigerian Students towards Entrepreneurship in the Country” Journal of Education and Practice Vol.5, No.24, pp: 86-92, http://pakacademicsearch.com/pdf-files/edu/413/86-92%20Vol%205,%20No%2024%20(2014).pdf.

International Journal of Business and Globalisation Volume 13, Issue 1 DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2014.063391

International Labour Organization (2011): ILO activities in Nigeria. United Nations System in Nigeria. Available on http://www.un-nigeria.org/unagencies/ilo.html.

Jelilov, G. & Onder, E. (2016) “Entrepreneurship: Issues and Solutions Evidence From Nigeria” Pyrex Journal of Business and Finance Management Research Vol 2 (3) pp 010-013 March, 2016, www.pyrexjournals.org/pjbfmr/pdf/2016/march/jelilov-and-onder.pdf

Jelilov, G. (2015) “An Outlook of the Recent Entrepreneurship and Economic Problems in Nigeria: An Expatriate Perspective” British Journal of Advance Academic Research Volume 4 Number 1 pp. 78-85,Sacha & Diamond, England, United Kingdom http://www.sachajournals.com/documents/image/a2015aka2015002.pdf

Kent, C.A. (1989) “The Treatment of Entrepreneurship in Principles of Economic Textbooks.” Journal of Economic Education, 20(2): 153-164.

Kirzner, I. M. (2009) “The Alert and Creative Entrepreneur: A Clarification.” Small Business Economics, 32(2): 145-152.

Mueller, S.L. and Thomas, A.S. (2001) “Culture and Entrepreneurial Potential: A Nine Country Study of Locus of Control and Innovativeness.” Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1), 51-75.

Oluwatomipe, A.P., Adebanke, O.I., Babatunde, A.A., & Paul, S.O. (2015), “Exploring the Hindrances to Women Entrepreneurship, Development and Prosperity in Nigeria ”, Journal of Entrepreneurship: Research & Practice, DOI: 10.5171/2015.148163 http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JERP/2015/148163/148163.pdf

Unruh, J., Adewusi, A., & Boolaky,M. (2014) “The impact of gender difference on entrepreneurship inclinations in Nigeria”

Yalcin, S. and Kapu, H. (2008) “Entrepreneurial Dimensions in Transitional Economies: A Review of Relevant Literature and the Case of Kyrgyzstan.” Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 13(2): 185-204




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20321/nilejbe.v2i2.52

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.